Katherine is a meeting place for people from around the region. The Katherine community offers a mix of unique cultures. There are three key Aboriginal groups in close proximity to Katherine. These are the Dagoman, Jawoyn and Wardaman people. These groups lived a semi-nomadic lifestyle and intermarried with other clans in line with cultural laws.
The wider Katherine region incorporates over 30 language groups. Languages most commonly spoken in the region include Gurindji, Nganinyman, Nunggubuyu, Mayali, Rembarrnga and Dalabon, with some languages spoken now by a small number of elders. Kriol is the most widely used language in the Katherine region, with different variants spoken in the east side and west side of the region.